Diffusion of Ideas Technological advancements were also carried by travelers of the Silk Road. Describe your findings about each of these regional people groups. By that time scholars had begun to study not only advanced cultures, but also cultures of nonliterate people Beals and Hoijer In spite of the fact that diffusion has its roots in anthropology, archaeology, and cultural geography, modern research involving the process of diffusion has shifted from these areas to agriculture business studies, technological advancement Rogerseconomic geography Brownhistory McNeillpolitical science, and rural sociology.
Rivers was converted to diffusionism while writing his book, The History of Melanesian Societyand was the founder of the diffusionist trend in Britain. Ethnological research conducted among Native American tribes, even though influenced by the diffusionist school of thought, approached the study of culture traits with a more holistic interpretation.
Diffusion of Ideas Technological advancements were also carried by travelers of the Silk Road. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates.
When you are finished reading the passage, respond to the prompt below. Fourth, acculturation and assimilation serve to homogenize the minority group into the dominant group.
Two schools of thought emerged in response to these questions.
The Chinese later applied this treatment to porcelain and exported it to the Middle East bearing decorations of tulips, pomegranates and even Arabic script.
There is hardly any modern society which has not felt the impact of this contact with very different societies. Anthropologists have long studied spatial units larger than "the local" Gupta and Ferguson Interest in the Northwest Coast of the United States was based on the knowledge that the Old World and the New World came into close contact in this area.
Although he made some effort to become acquainted with the contemporary people in order to unlock many of the mysteries of the island Heyerdahl This type of change may be reciprocal, however, very often the process is asymmetrical and the result is the usually partial absorption of one culture into the other.
Americas Note to student: This account was similar to the Biblical version of world history Harris Because the influence of Euro-American culture on nonliterate, relatively isolated groups has been so widespread and profound, the term acculturation is most commonly applied to contact and intermingling between these two cultures Titiev Perry, a student of W.
Studying these very diverse cultures created the major issue of discerning how humans progressed from primeval conditions to superior states Kuklick Diffusion is well documented in the business and industrial world. He helped establish the anthropology department at Berkeley as a prominent educational and research facility from where he conducted valuable research among the California Indians Barnard Inventions, such as paper, originated in China in the first century and eventually came into use throughout Eurasia.
Every writing assignment, or prompt, contains a word or words that give you clues as to how to write your response. Father Pater Wilhelm Schmidt was a Catholic priest in Germany and an ethnologist who studied religions of the world and wrote extensively on their inter-relationship Barnard Actual diffusion research would not take place until the nineteenth century when some scholars attempted to understand the nature of culture and whether it spread to the rest of the world from few or many innovation centers.
The style of the Persians was reflected in Chinese weavers' Tree of Life design, featuring scenes of saddled horsemen, and the roundel animal symbol.
Presently, the concept of diffusion has value in ethnological studies, but at best plays a secondary role in interpreting the processes of culture change Winthrop Exchange of Artistic Culture The use of glassware was unknown in China before the introduction of high-quality blown glass from Egypt and Middle Eastern Arab cities.
Ideas that moved along the Silk Road include the use of herbs for medicinal purposes and theories about astronomy. The use of gold-wrapped thread and intricate knots was influenced by the culture of India.
Although this proposal has been criticized, it does indicate that there is a continuum through which individuals pass, beginning with acculturation and ending with complete assimilation Gordon He proposed four major temporal phases: His ideas on the culture-area approach were especially significant Barnard The term "Silk Road" comes from a concept originated by explorer Baron Ferdinand von Richthofen in the 19th century to describe global highways of commercial trade that also led to cultural trade.
Leo Frobenius was a German, who was the originator of the concepts of the Kulturkreise culture circles and of the Paideuma or "soul" of culture.
The underlying reason for the expedition was the search for laws that govern the growth of human culture.
Evolutionism eventually became linked to the idea of independent invention and the related notion that contact between preindustrial cultures was minimal Hugill Exchange of Cultural Motifs As trade along the Silk Road grew, Chinese weavers sought to design silks that would appeal to other cultures.
Freidrich Ratzel was a German anthropologist who was a significant contributor to nineteenth-century theories of diffusion and migration. Acculturation studies evolved into assimilation studies during the late nineteenth century and early twentieth centuries when great numbers of immigrants arrived in the United States.
He later pursued research in India and Melanesia. He viewed culture as consisting of countless loose threads, most of foreign origin, but which were woven together to fit into their new cultural context.
diffusion the spread of material and nonmaterial culture from one culture to another discoveries things and ideas found from what already exists ethnocentrism to evaluate another culture according to the standards of one’s own culture.
The anthropological attitude that a society's customs and ideas should be viewed in the context of that society's culture is called cultural relativism. The spread of a cultural element from one society to another.
Culture spreads via a process anthropologists call cultural diffusion. Simply put, culture spread when two different cultures have close interactions with one another or when one nation conquers another.
When the latter happens, it is called forced cultural diffusion. In the past, cultures spread. Cultural diffusion is the spread of ideas from one culture to another. The distribution of wealth throughout the world is sharply disparate due to increasing population pressures on areas such as the Middle East and India.4/4(10).
The spread of cultural elements from one culture to another through cultural contact. ("custom"), is the expression of the set of cultural ideas held by an ethnic group. gender. The cultural elaborations and meanings assigned to the biological differentiation between the sexes.
culture may differ from one group to another, culture itself is universal—all societies develop This has resulted in more cultural diffusion (the spread of characteristics from one culture to another) and cultural leveling (the process by which ideas about events and experiences).
5. It allows people to engage in complex, shared, goal.An analysis of the spread of ideas from one culture to another